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Effect of swine manure and urea on soil phosphorus supply to canola

Qian, P. and J.J. Schoenau. 2000. Journal of Plant Nutrition 23:381-390

Abstract

Limited information exists as to the effect of liquid swine manure on soil phosphorus (P) availability in Western Canadian soil. Swine manure is most often applied to meet additional requirements for nitrogen (N) and research to date has emphasized N effects. The effect of swine manure and urea on P supply to canola was investigated under controlled environment conditions. Canola (Brassica napus) was grown in pots with manure or urea added to two Saskatchewan soils (sandy loam and clay loam) at 0 and 100 mg N kg-1. Plants were grown to maturity, and yield and nutrient content were determined. Phosphorus supply rates in soils were measured in the pots using anion exchange resin membrane probes. Additions of swine manure and urea enhanced canola P accumulation and led to a higher proportion of P in seeds. This response was more evident in the manure treatment than with urea. Soil amended with manure significantly increased N and P supply rates in soils as the manure contains N and P. On the contrary, application of urea significantly increased N supply rate, but led to a slight decrease in the measured soil supply rate of available P. Despite the apparent decrease in soil supply of available P in urea treatment, canola maintained its N:P ratio by increasing P absorption, possibly due to a greater root mass.